Russia’s name is banned at the next two Olympic Games and so its teams and athletes will be officially branded as “ROC.”
The agreement avoids using the word “neutral” that WADA insisted must counter-balance any reference to the word “Russia” on team uniforms or equipment.
The Russian team flag in Tokyo and Beijing will be the ROC symbol — an Olympic flame in the white, blue and red stripes of the national flag above the five Olympic rings.
A piece of music to replace the Russian anthem at gold-medal ceremonies is yet to be agreed.
“The Russian Olympic Committee will submit a proposed musical score to be played for all ceremonies,” the IOC said.
Russian competitors were known as “Olympic Athlete from Russia” at the 2018 Winter Games in Pyeongchang.
The toughest stand against Russian cheating has been taken by track and field’s World Athletics governing body, which requires Russians to compete as Authorized Neutral Athletes (ANA) at world championships.
In winter sports world championships this year, Russians have competed under names such as Russian Ski Federation (RSF) or Russian Luge Federation (RLF).